Steps of machining parts on CNC lathe

Steps of machining parts on CNC lathe

CNC lathe is the abbreviation of digital program control lathe. It combines the characteristics of universal lathes with good versatility, precision lathes with high machining accuracy, and special-purpose ordinary lathes with high machining efficiency Kind of machine tool.

The automatic numerical control lathe is a machine tool that uses numerical control technology to implement actions in accordance with a pre-programmed program.

It is composed of program carrier, input device, CNC unit, servo system, position feedback system, and mechanical parts of the machine tool. Customized CNC lathe manufacturers talk about processing parts on automated CNC lathes usually through the following steps:

1. According to the drawing and process plan of the processed parts, compile the program list with the specified code and program format, and record it on the carrier;

2. Input the program on the program carrier into the CNC unit through the input device;

3. After processing the input program, the CNC unit sends a signal to the servo system of each coordinate of the machine tool;

4. The servo system drives the moving parts of the machine tool according to the signal sent by the CNC unit, and controls the necessary auxiliary operations;

5. The relative movement between the tool and the workpiece is driven by the mechanical parts of the machine tool to process the required workpiece;

6. Detect the movement of the CNC lathe and feed it back to the CNC unit through the feedback device to reduce machining errors. Of course, there is no detection and feedback system for open-loop CNC lathes.

Under normal circumstances, the oil filter and filter screen should be cleaned every two months. In terms of realizing on-time, high-quality and low-cost production, trigger probes can provide more support than just aligning the workpiece, that is, directly inspecting the geometric accuracy of the processed workpiece on the CNC lathe is also of great value. Because, through this kind of direct precision inspection, programming errors and tool defects, as well as the adverse consequences of the machining process, can be quickly detected.

The ambient temperature of the CNC lathe is less than 30 degrees Celsius, and the relative temperature is less than 80%. Generally speaking, an exhaust fan or air cooler is arranged inside the numerical control electric control box to keep the electronic components, especially the central processing unit\’s working temperature constant or the temperature difference changes very small.

Excessive temperature and humidity will reduce the life of control system components and cause more failures. The increase in temperature and humidity and the increase in dust will cause adhesion on the integrated circuit board and cause short circuits.


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